英语陈述句句型复习

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1、当陈述句的主语为anybody, anyone, everybody, everyone, somebody, someone, nobody, no one时,反意疑问句的主语用they。也可用he,尤其是nobody, no one等作主语,

具有否定概念时。如:

Somebody phoned while I was out, didn’t they?

Everyone enjoyed the party, didn’t they?

Nobody wants to go there, does he?

Nobody says a word about the incident, don’t they?

Somebody borrowed your bike yesterday, didn’t they?

Anybody can do it, can’t they?

2、当陈述部分的主语是I,而句子又用来征询对方的意见时,附加疑问句中的主语用you。如:

I find English very interesting, don’t you?

I don’t like that film, do you?

3、当陈述句的主语为everything, anything, nothing, something等时,反意疑问句的主语用it.

如:Everything is all right, isn’t it?

Nothing can stop us going forward, can it?

4、当陈述部分的主语是指示代词this, that或these, those时,附加疑问句中的主语分别用it和they。

如:This is important, isn’t it?

That isn’t correct, is it?

These are your friends Tom and Jack, aren’t they?

5、当陈述句的主语为one时, 反意疑问句的主语在正式情况下用one;在非正式情况下用you.

如:One should learn from others, shouldn’t one / you?

One can’t be one’s own master, can one?

One can not be too careful, can one?

6、当陈述句的谓语部分含有had better, would rather, would like, ought to时, 反意疑问句的谓语用相应的助动词。

You’d better go now, hadn’t you?

You’d rather go there early, wouldn’t you?

He’d like to go there, wouldn’t he?

She ought to go there by train, shouldn’t / oughtn’t she?

Such things ought not to be allowed, ought they?

7、当陈述句的谓语是wish时, 反意疑问句的谓语用may, 且前后两个部分都用肯定式。

I wish to go home now, may I?

I wish to have another piece of cake, may I?

8、当陈述句的谓语部分含有have to, had to时, 反意疑问句的谓语部分用do的适当形式。

如:We have to get there at 8 o’clock tomorrow, don’t we?

They had to take the early train to go there, didn’t they?

9、当陈述句的谓语部分含有used to时, 反意疑问句的谓语部分有两种表达方式didn’t / usedn’t。

如:He used to get up early, didn’t / usedn’t he?

The old man used to smoke, didn’t he?或usedn’t he?

Tom used to live here, usedn’t he?或didn’t he?

10、感叹句后的附加疑问句的谓语动词需用be的现在时,且常用否定形式。

What a clever boy, isn’t he?

What a lovely day, isn’t it?

11、当陈述句的主语是第一人称,谓语动词是 think, believe, suppose, fancy, imagine, expect,后接宾语从句时, 反意疑问句应对宾语从句进行提问。

如:I don’t think he can finish the work, can he?

I don’t expect that she would come, would she?

I imagine that the students like her, don’t they?

I don’t believe she knows it, does she?

12、当陈述句的主语是第二,第三人称,谓语动词是 think, believe, suppose, fancy, imagine, expect 后接宾语从句时, 反意疑问句应对主句进行提问。

Mary thinks you will come to the meeting, doesn’t she?

You don’t think English is important, do you?

You think she is a good teacher, don’t you?

Your brother thinks that you can do the job well, doesn’t he?

13、陈述部分带有seldom, hardly, never, rarely, few, little, nowhere, nothing, nobody, scarcely等否定词或半否定词时,附加疑问部分的动词用肯定形式。

Bob rarely got drunk, did he?

Few people know him, do they?

She seldom goes to the cinema, does she?

He has few good reasons for staying, has he?

She hardly writes to you, does she?

There is little water in the bottle, is there?

如果陈述部分的否定词带有否定前缀,那么,该陈述部分作肯定处理,附加疑问部分一般仍用否定形式。

He was unsuccessful, wasn’t he?

Tom dislikes the book, doesn’t he?

14、祈使句的各种反意疑问句:

1). Let’s XXXXX, shall we?

Let’s go to the film, shall we?

2). Let us XXXXX , will you?

Let us go to the park, will you?

3). Let me XXXXX , may I / will you ?

Let me go there alone, may I? / will you?

If you want help-money or anything, let me know, will you?

4). 在否定的祈使句的后面,只能用will you? E.g. Don’t tell anyone, will you?

5). 表示 “请求” 意思的祈使句,反意疑问句用will you?

Pass me the dictionary, will you?

Stop that noise, will you?

6). 表示 “邀请”, “劝诱” 意思的祈使句,反意疑问句用won’t you?

Join us in the singing, won’t you?

15、陈述句中谓语动词是must + have + 动词的过去分词时,如果强调对过去情况的推测, 依据是(句中有过去的时间状语),反意疑问句根据动词用didn’t / wasn’t / weren’t +主语。

You must have read the story last term, didn’t you?

He must have met her yesterday, didn’t he?

16、陈述句中谓语动词是must + have + 动词的过去分词时,如果只强调动作的完成,反意疑问句用haven’t / hasn’t +主语。

She must have arrived there, hasn’t she?

You must have seen the film, haven’t you?

17、陈述句中谓语动词是must + 动词原形的情况:

You must see the doctor, needn’t you? (must在这里不表示”必须”,只表示”有必要”,所以不重复must, 要用need)

如:You mustn’t do that again, must you?

The food must be nice, isn’t it? (must be在这里表示推测,要用be 的适当形式)

The boys mustn’t play with fire, may they? (当must表示”禁止”时,反意问句要用may.)

18、当陈述句的主语为each时, 反意疑问句的主语用he。

Each has his strong points, hasn’t he? / doesn’t he?

19、当陈述句的主语为each of us, each of you, each of them时, 反意疑问句的主语用we, you, they。

Each of us has been here, haven’t we?

Each of them has an English dictionary, haven’t they?

20、当陈述句的主语为each of XXXXX 结构时,反意疑问句的主语用he ,she, it 强调个体, 用we, you, they 强调全体。

Each of these novels is to be discussed this term, isn’t it?

Each of us have got the prize, haven’t we?

21、当陈述部分是并列句,附加疑问句则需和就近的分句的主语和谓语一致。

如:It must have rained last night, for the ground is wet, isn’t it?

Tom has been writing letters all afternoon, but he has finished now, hasn’t he?

We must start at once or we can’t get there on time, can we?

He is a teacher but his wife isn’t a teacher, is she?

Xiao Lin has been writing letters all afternoon but he should finish them now, shouldn’t he?

22、当陈述部分为主从复合句时,附加疑问部分一般应与主句的主语和谓语动词保持对应关系。

如:She says that I did it, doesn’t she?

I told them not everybody could do it, didn’t I?

She is not so stupid as she looks, is she?

Lucy dreamed that she was in the moon, didn’t she?

但当陈述部分的主语是I,谓语是think, believe, suppose, expect这类动词时,附加疑问部分则往往与从句中的主语和谓语动词保持对应关系,但要注意否定的转移。

I suppose that he’s serious isn’t he?

I don’t think she cares, does she?

23、陈述句主语为such时,反意疑问句的主语单某某it,复数用they。

如:Such is his trick, isn’t it?

Such are your excuses, aren’t they?

24、当陈述句是I am XXXXX 结构时,反意疑问句用aren’t I。

如:I am right, aren’t I?

I am late, aren’t I?

25、如果陈述句中的否定式仅仅是带有否定的词缀,反意疑问句仍用否定。

如:He is unfit for his job, isn’t he?

That’s unfair, isn’t it?

26、当陈述句部分是there used to be XXXXX 结构时, 反意疑问句用 wasn’t (weren’t) there。

如:There used to be three pine trees in the yard, weren’t there?

There used to be shop at the corner of the street, wasn’t there?

27、陈述句中谓语动词是may / might 时,反意疑问句用mayn’t / mightn’t构成。

如:I may come and borrow your bike tomorrow, mayn’t I?

The experience may have been long in your memory, mayn’t it?

28、陈述句子中的主语为动词不定式短语、动名词短语或其他短语时,疑问部分的主语通常用it。

如:Learning how to repair motors takes a long time, doesn’t it?

Between six and seven will suit you, won’t it?

Where to hold the meeting has not been decided, has it?

That China is a great socialist country is well known, isn’t it?

29、陈述部分为there+be结构,疑问部分用there,省略主语代词。

如:There is something wrong with your TV set, isn’t there?

30、陈述部分的谓语含有dare, need时,看它们是情态动词还是行为动词,分别重复dare, need或 用do 的适当形式.

如:The girl daren’t go home alone, dare she?

31、在"none ofXXXXX"结构中,如of 后的名词或代词是单数,后面的主语也为单数,这种情况,主要由于

of 后的名词或代词为不可数名词.

如:None of it is here, is it?

32、在口语和非正式文体中,为了加强语气,只是表示某种惊奇、怀疑、反感、讽刺等感情而并不是为了寻求回答,这时前后两部分的肯定、否定是一致的

Oh, he is a writer, is he?

You’ll not go, won’t you?

33、当陈述部分带有表示“所有”含义的动词have(has)时,疑问部分既可用have形式,也可用do形式。

You have a new bike, haven’t you(或don’t you)?

She doesn’t have any money in her pocket, does she?

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