高中英语状语从句-详解课件

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状语及状语从句

定义:

在复合句中由从句表示的状语称作状语从句,它可以用来修饰谓语(包括非谓语动词)、定语或状语,或是整个句子。

准确掌握每一个连词的含义是掌握状语从句的关键。

同时要注意主从句的时态呼应。

状语一般分为九大类

时间状语 地点状语

原因状语 目的状语

结果状语 条件状语

方式状语 比较状语

让步状语

什么能做状语?

1 副词

2 介词短语 :he traveled in Africa for six weeks.

3 形容词: my uncle stood there, died.

he finally came back, tired and cold.

4 with复合结构: with a lot of work to do, I think I have no time to accompany you.

5 独立主格结构: he lay on his bed, his hands under his head.

6 非谓语动词:to do

doing / having done

done

7 状语从句

1.时间状语从句:

当XXXXX时候: when, while, as,

一XXXXX就: the moment, the minute, as soon as, immediately, directly,no soonerXXXXXthan, hardlyXXXXXwhen

每当:every time, each time

其他:before, after, till, until, since,

When ---当XXXXXXXXXX时候, 通常指某一特定的时间点,主句与从句的动作同时发生。

When I opened the window, I saw him come up.

When I have time , I will go to see you. (主将从现)

When --- 正在XXXXX的时候,突然XXXXX。在翻译的时候,when 可以译成没想到或突然。

I was walking along the street , when I met him.

I was about to fall asleep when my sister came in.

I am going to leave when the telephone rings.

When 当从句是进行时,主句是一般时,往往表示不满。

Someone knocked at the door when I was having breakfast.

When I was leaving the house, the postman arrived.

When the children had gone to bed, she began to

prepare her lessons.

When=after

While ---在XXXXXXXXXX期间,往往指一段时间。

While we were in America, we saw him twice.

While we were talking, he came in.

Strike while the iron is hot.

While ---表示一种不满情绪,意思是这边在干某种重要的事,而另一边在享受等。

We are cleaning the classroom while they are playing the football.

The soldier faces the powder while the beauty powder the face.

While I am washing the floor, you can be cleaning the windows.

As --- 一边XXXXXXXXXX一边, 随着

She was doing her homework as she was listening to the music.

As she grew older, she became more beautiful.

As --- 当XXXXXXXXXX时,指一个动作紧接着一个动作发生,从句通常用进行时。

As I was going out, it began to rain.

I saw Mary as she was going on the bus.

As he was eating his breakfast, he heard someone knock at the door.

Someone patted me on the shoulder as I was standing before the shop window.

The moment --- 一XXXXXXXXXX就XXXXXXXXXX =as soon as , immediately,

---Did you remember to give Mary the money you owed her?

---Yes, I gave her the moment I saw her.

NotXXXXX until --- 直到XXXXXXXXXX才

He didn’t leave the office until he finished the work.

=He left the office when he finished the work.

Not XXXXXuntil 可以和 when 互换

Before --- 在XXXXXXXXXX之前

The passengers should arrive at the airport an hour before the flight departs.

Did you work as a stewardess before you come to this company?

It was not long before I forgot it all.

(It was /will be XXXXXbeforeXXXXX 是常用句型)

He ran off before I could stop him.

After --- 在XXXXXXXXXX 之后

The customer left the ticket counter after he had a quarrel with the ticket agent.

The plane took off after the air traffic controller gave clearance.

Since ---自从XXXXXXXXXX, 通常主句用现在完成时

I have never been there again since I graduated from the university.

The captain has traveled almost everywhere in the world since he became a pilot.

It is just a week since we arrived here.

(It is /has beenXXXXX sinceXXXXX是常用句型)

As soon as --- 一XXXXXXXXXX就XXXXXXXXXX

Jack went to school as soon as he got well.

I’ll ring you up as soon as I get an answer from him.

No sooner than --- 一XXXXXXXXXX就XXXXXXXXXX

No sooner had he arrived than he went away again.

no soonerXXXXX thanXXXXX 用于句首要求倒装

Hardly XXXXXwhenXXXXX

Scarcely XXXXXwhenXXXXX

Once you see him, you will never forget him.

Once --- 一但XXXXXXXXXX就XXXXXXXXXX

Every time, each time 每次whenever 每当

Each time he came to town, he would visit our school.

Whenever we met with difficulties, they came to help us.

2.条件状语从句

引导状语从句的连接词有:

If, unless, as long as, in case, provided that, on condition that

If ---如果

If you don’t hurry up, you will miss the plane.

If it snows tomorrow, the flight will be canceled.

If you leave at 6 o’clock tomorrow morning, you’d better get to bed now.

Unless --- 如果不, 除非=if not

We can’t get there on time unless we book the earliest flight

= We cannot get there on time if we don’t book the earliest flight.

Don’t trouble trouble unless trouble troubles you.

He will not join us unless he changes his mind.

As long as --- 只要

We will succeed as long as we keep on trying.

You can’t play games as long as you remember the rules.

A man is not old as long as he is seeking something.

As (so) far as --- 据XXXXXXXXXX所知

As far as I know, he speaks English very well.

As/So far as I know, he is an expert on DNA.

In case --- 假使, 如果

The plane cannot take off in case it rains.

Send us a message in case you have any difficulty.

Provided that 如果,有时省略 that

The plane will be in good condition provided that it is taken care of carefully.

You can become a stewardess provided that you are in good shape and you have got the proper education.

On condition that --- 条件是XXXXX

He said that he would come to the meeting on condition that no one asked him to speak.

The mother promised to the son to buy him a toy airplane on condition that he passes his English test.

注:主从句的动作发生在将来时,则主句用将来时, 从句用一般现在时。

If he arrives tomorrow, I will be waiting for him at the airport.

He said he would not leave unless it was fine next day.

3.地点状语从句

地点状语从句只有两个连词:

Where, wherever

Where --- 在XXXXXXXXXX地方

Put the medicine where you can easily get it.

Where that high building stands, there used to be some low, deserted houses.

Where there is a will, there is a way.

Wherever --- 无论哪里

He follows her wherever she goes.

Wherever you are, I will be right there waiting for you.

4.原因状语从句

because, as, since, now that, 和considering that, seeing that 这六个连词都用于表示表示原因, 但在语气上一个比一个弱.

Because --- 因为,通常从句放在主句后.

Mr Smith was very upset because he couldn’t find his luggage.

He said that he couldn’t work because the computer was out of order.

I succeed because I willed it, I never hesitated.

I do it because I like it.

As --- 因为, 通常放在句首

As it is quite windy today, he decides

As he is honest and modest, all his friends like him.

Since ---既然 因语气较弱, 常译为既然

Since everybody has come, we can set off.

Since the purser didn’t tell us what to do, we can relax.

Now that --- 既然

Now that you are here, you can join us.

Now that all airlines offer discount prices, we should do the same.

considering that --- 顾某某

Considering that they are just beginners, they are doing quite a good job.

seeing that --- 由于

Seeing (that) quite a few people were absent, we decided to

put the meeting off.

5.结果状语从句

引导结果状语从句的连词有:

that, so that, soXXXXXthatXXXXX

suchXXXXXthat

SoXXXXX that --- 太XXXXXXXXXX以至于 so 后面应用形容词或副词, 有时省略so只用that

Boeing 747 is so large that people like to call it jet bomb.

The flight scheduled so early that nobody wanted to look on it.

So that --- 因而,以便,为了 有时so 可以省去

Can you move your luggage a little bit away so that I can put mine in the overhead bin too.

Speak louder please so that the people at the back can hear you.

When you skin your customers, you should leave some skin on to grow so that you can skin them again.

Such XXXXXthatXXXXX ---太XXXXXXXXXX以至于 用法与soXXXXXthat相同,但such 后面应用名词。

The foreign visitor was such a fast speaker that nobody could understand him.

The Canadian airline’s hangar is such a huge building that it can hold two medium-range jets >>>>>>内容过长,仅展示头部和尾部部分文字预览,全文请查看图片预览。<<<<<<

19. The new secretary is supposed to report to the manager as soon as she______.

A. will arrive B. arrives C. is going to arrive D. is arriving

20. ______ the day went on, the weather got worse.

A. With B. Since C. While D. As

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